Key:  Phylum Sipuncula


Taken primarily from  Kozloff, 1987, 1996 p. 181 (Copyright 1987, 1996, University of Washington Press.  Used in this web page by permission of University of Washington Press)
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1a  Tentacles inconspicuous, fingerlike, not branched (picture) 2
1b Tentacles conspicuous when extended, branching dichotomously and thus appearing bushy 4
2a Introvert with dark blotches and transverse streaks, and with rows of small hooks near its anterior end; tentacles arranged in a crescentic series dorsal to the mouth (body posterior to introvert sometimes with dark spots; common intertidal and shallow subtidal species, generally in gravel under rocks, in crevices, or nestling in burrows made in rock by pholadid bivalves Phascolosoma agassizii
2b Introvert without dark spots or streaks, and without rows of small hooks near its anterior end; tentacles arranged in 1 or 2 circles around the mouth (picture) 3
3a Introvert constituting half, or slightly more than half, of the length of the body; skin nearly smooth (papillae present, but inconspicuous); whitish to dark gray, with 2 retractor muscles Golfingia pugettensis
3b Introvert constituting less than lahf the length of the body; skin decidedly rough; dark brown; with 4 retractor muscles Golfingia vulgaris
4a Introvert with small, black or brown spines; with 4 tentacles (these may, however, begin to branch so close to the base that there may appear to be more than 4) (common throughout the region, mostly in tight crevices or nestling in burrows made in rock by pholadid bivalves) Themiste pyroides
4b Introvert without spines; with 6 tentacles (not likely to be found north of Oregon) Themiste dyscrita



Taxonomic Levels Represented in This Key:
  Phascolosoma agassizii
  Golfingia pugettensis
  Golfingia vulgaris
  Themiste dyscrita
  Themiste pyroides



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