Golfingia pugettensis Fisher, 1952
Common name(s): Peanut worm
|Golfingia pugettensis trawled from San Juan Channel, WA at 90 m depth|
|(Photo by: Dave Cowles 7-2004)|
How to Distinguish from Similar Species: G. vulgaris has an introvert less than half its body length, its skin is rough with papillae, and the color is dark brown. Phascolosoma agassizii has dark and light blotches and streaks on its introvert.
Geographical Range: Also found in the Sea of Japan and in Prince William Sound, Alaska
Habitat: This specimen was trawled from the San Juan Channel at 90 m depth by otter trawl. Substrate was sand/shell hash
Note: The genus name was created by the British zoologist Sir E. Ray Lankester (for another species in the genus) to commemorate a holiday of golf at Saint Andrews, Scotland.
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Morris et al., 1980
O'Clair and O'Clair, 1998
Cutler, E. B. and N. J. Cutler. 1987. Revision of the Genus Golfingia (Sipuncula:Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 100:735-761
Morozov, T.B., and A. V. Adrianov, 2002. Fauna of Sipunculans (Sipuncula) of Vostok Bay, Sea of Japan. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 28 (6): 365-370
Rice, M. E. 1967. A comparative study of the development of Phascolosoma agassizii, Golfingia pugettensis, and Themiste pyroides, with a discussion of the developmental patterns in the Sipuncula. Ophelia. 4:143-171
Rice, Mary E. 1974. Gametogenesis in Three Species of Sipuncula: Phascolosoma
agassizii, Golfingia pugettensis, and Themiste pyroides. La Cellule, 70(2-3):
In this photo the tentacles around the mouth at the anterior end of the introvert can be seen.
Another Golfingia pugettensis individual, found in muddy sand at Guemes Channel July, 2005.
The introvert is extended and the tentacles are exposed. Photo by Dave Cowles.