Luidia foliolata Grube, 1866
Common name(s): Spiny mudstar, Sandstar, Leafy flat star
|Synonyms: Petalaster foliolata|
|Luidia foliolata captured at 100 m depth by trawl in the San Juan channel|
|(Photo by: Dave Cowles, July 2000)|
How to Distinguish from Similar Species: The only other stars with 5 rays and conspicuous marginal plates have marginal plates easily visible from above. Mediaster aequalis has no spines on its marginal plates and has suckers on the tube feet.
Geographical Range: Southeast Alaska to San Diego, CA
Depth Range: 12 to 600 m
Habitat: Sand and mud, nearly always subtidal, often half buried.
Biology/Natural History: Pointed tube feet without suckers are common on seastars which live on sand instead of rocks. This species seems very fragile--I have captured a number of specimens by otter trawl but all have been fragmented. This star is reported to eat the sea cucumber Cucumaria miniata.
This species burrows. It has a very leaky outer surface, and allows seawater fluids to pass readily through its surface. However, it tends to be hyperosmotic. It appears to make extensive use of seawater intake through its madreporite to maintain internal fluid balance (Ferguson, 1994).
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Gotshall and Laurent, 1979
O'Clair and O'Clair, 1998
Ferguson, John C., 1994. Madreporite inflow of seawater to maintain body fluids in five species of starfish. pp. 285-289 in Bruno David, Alain Guille, Jean-Pierre Feral, and Michel Roux (eds). Echinoderms through time. Balkema, Rotterdam.
George, S.B., 1994. Phenotypic plasticity in the larvae of Luidia foliata (Echinodermata: Asteroidea). pp. 297-307 in Bruno David, Alain Guille, Jean-Pierre Feral, and Michel Roux (eds). Echinoderms through time. Balkema, Rotterdam.