Urticina coriacea (Cuvier, 1798)
Common name(s): Leathery anemone, Stubby rose anemone, Scarlet anemone, Red bead anemone, Buried Urticina
|Synonyms: Tealia lofotensis|
Order Actiniaria (Anemones)
|Urticina coriacea at about 13 m depth near Keystone jetty.|
|(Photo by: Kirt Onthank, August 2007)|
How to Distinguish from Similar Species: Of anemones with a red column, Urticina lofotensis and U. columbiana have white tubercles arranged in rows. U. crassicornis may have a red column (usually with some green) but it does not accumulate sand and gravel and its tentacles usually have broad cross-bands. Urticina piscivora also has a red column but its inconspicuous tubercles do not accumulate sand and gravel. Cribrinopsis fernaldi has spherules at the margin of the oral disk and its tentacles have fine dark red zigzag bands across them. Most of the other red-columned anemones do not bury in sand or gravel.
Geographical Range: Alaska to southern California; Europe (circumpolar)
Depth Range: Low intertidal to 45 m
Habitat: Buried in coarse sand or gravel in tidepools, subtidal, may be on rock walls subtidally.
Biology/Natural History: This species
usually is attached to a rock below the sediment with only the oral disk
exposed, or subtidal individuals may be attached directly to a rock and
not living in sediment. Predators include the leather star Dermasterias
imbricata. This species may be a species complex.
|Main Page||Alphabetic Index||Systematic Index||Glossary|
American Fisheries Society, 2002
Morris et al., 1980 (as Tealia coriacea)
O'Clair and O'Clair, 1998
Ricketts et al., 1985 (as Tealia coriacea)
General Notes and Observations: Locations,
abundances, unusual behaviors:
Another individual. Photo by Kirt Onthank 2007