ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE



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ENTRANCE/EXIT REQUIREMENTS

Entering the ESL Program - Transfer Students

 
From English-medium Secondary Schools (High School or Academy):
Students whose native language is not English who have graduated from an English-medium secondary school will still be required to submit a TOEFL (or Michigan) test score along with their secondary school transcripts as part of the application/admission process. Students with TOEFL scores 550 or above (with no individual score lower than 52) will be required to take the Walla Walla College English Placement Test including a writing sample. If they do not qualify for College Writing, they will be placed in an appropriate reading and/or writing class before entering ENGL 121. Students with TOEFL scores under 550 will be admitted as ESL students in accordance with Walla Walla College's acceptance policy.
 
From Other Colleges/Universities:
Students whose native language is not English who have started their college studies elsewhere and have not completed the basic College Writing sequence are required to submit TOEFL (or Michigan) test score (or equivalent) even if they are transferring from an English-speaking institution. If their TOEFL score is above 550, (with no individual score lower than 52) they will be required to take the Walla Walla College English Placement Test, including a writing sample. If they do not qualify for College Writing, they will be placed in an appropriate reading and/or writing class before entering ENGL 121.
 
The college retains the right to re-test any transfer students (even those indicated above) who experience academic difficulty related to language deficiency; and if their scores indicate a need, they will be placed in the appropriate ESL classes.
 
TOEFL Requirements: ESL Students will be accepted into the ESL program based on their performance on the TOEFL test. The following TOEFL test results will be the standard norms for admission.
 

 
BeginningIntermediateAdvanced
350-449450-499500-549
 
Final placement will be based on more than the TOEFL test. See "Placement Within Walla Walla College ESL Program."
 
Any student who has not taken a TOEFL test before his or her arrival on the Walla Walla College campus will be given an institutional TOEFL. This test will be offered once each quarter. Entering students, as well as those wishing to re-test for advancement purposes, will be able to take the test at scheduled times.
 
Length of ESL Program:
The ESL program has three levels-beginning, intermediate and advanced. This program is designed for students to study in each level for two quarters (totalling 18-20 weeks) receiving at least a C grade in all ESL, Adjunct, and other courses for which they are registered. However, it is also recognized that the level at which a student enters a particular course will make a difference in how many quarters he or she will remain at that level. A student entering the Intermediate level with a TOEFL score of 450, for instance, will probably have to study at that level for two quarters or more if necessary. A student entering at 485, however, might possibly move to the advanced level after only one quarter.
 
Placement within Walla Walla College ESL Program
In addition to the TOEFL test score, placement into the various intermediate or advanced levels of the ESL Program will also be based on the following:
 
1. 
An independent grammar test administered by the ESL Program
 
2. 
An oral interview administered by the ESL Program
 
3. 
A free writing test graded jointly by the English Department and ESL Program
Accelerated Advancement to the Next Level:
A student who wishes to exit a certain level in less than two quarters, may do so as follows:
 
1. 
Submit a request in writing to the ESL Committee.
 
2. 
Exhibit at least a B in all ESL classes, with a 3.5 average overall.
 
3. 
Receive recommendations from the ESL instructors.
 
4. 
Have a TOEFL test score high enough to qualify for admittance to the desired level.
Exiting the ESL Program:
Stage One: A student who has fulfilled the following requirements will be allowed to take ENGL 121, Introduction to Research, and 9-12 hours* of content classes. He or she will continue to be advised by the ESL program:
 
1. 
Either a. TOEFL score of 550 with no individucal score lower than 52. OR b. ESL English Classes-Complete required classes with at least a B. AND
 
2. 
Adjunct Program-Complete adjunct classes with at least a C.
 
3. 
Recommendation of ESL instructors OR meet the prerequisites for College Writing 121, including a writing sample.
*A student who passes most areas of ESL, but still demonstrates a weakness in a particular area(s), will be retained in the ESL program for classes in that area ONLY.
 
Stage Two: A student who has fulfilled the following requirements will be assigned an advisor in his or her major field and will take academic classes:
 
1. 
Either a. TOEFL score of 550 with no individual score lower than 52. OR b. ESL English Classes-Complete required classes with at least a B. AND
 
2. 
Adjunct Program-Complete adjunct classes with at least a C.
 
3. 
ENGL 121 (College Writing)-Complete with at least a C.
ACADEMIC PROGRAM
A full class load for beginning or intermediate ESL student is generally between 22 and 27 class hours/week in the following areas:
1. 
ESL English Classes and Lab Work
 
2. 
Adjunct Classes
 
3. 
ESL Content Classes
 
4. 
P.E. Activity and Music Performance Classes (with permission)
BEGINNING LEVEL:

 
Class HoursCredit HoursCredit Type
Composition53100
Grammar42100
Speaking/Listening53100
Reading/Vocabulary53100
American Life &42100
Language
Listening Lab51100
TOTALS2614
 
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL:

 
Class HoursCredit HoursCredit Type
ESL Classes18-2210-12#100
Adjunct Classes0-40-4Toward 192
ESL Religion0-40-2Toward 192*
Content Classes0-20-2Toward 192
TOTALS21-2812-16
 
*Toward elective requirement if specific class is approved.
 
ADVANCED LEVEL:

 
Class HoursCredit HoursCredit Type
ESL Classes10-166-10Toward 192*
Adjunct Classes2-4**2-4Toward 192
Content Classes1-4**1-4Toward 192
TOTALS16-2212-16*
 
*These courses will count toward general elective credit.
 
**The number of hours a student may take will be determined by overall academic ability, English-language performance, and placement test scores.
 
ESL Adjunct Classes
Advanced and some upper intermediate students will be a part of the adjunct program. Classes in this program are regular content classes which are taken for credit. The student is concurrently enrolled in an adjunct ESL English class which utilizes the materials from the content class as a base for English instruction. All adjunct classes will be chosen by the ESL faculty. The student receives full academic credit for the content class and receives ESL English credit for the adjunct ESL English class.
 
Requirements for Adjunct classes for credit will include: 1) Regular attendance at both the content and ESL English classes. 2) Successful completion of regular assignments and tests in the content class. 3) Successful completion of assignments and tests in the adjunct ESL English class. The ESL grade will be based totally on English performance rather than on content knowledge.
 
The adjunct classes will be chosen from the following approved classes:
 
INFO105Personal Computing 3
HLTH110Wellness for Living 3
FINA101Personal Finance 2
GBUS160Introduction to Business 4
MUHL124Introduction to Music 4
SOCI204General Sociology 4
ART251Introduction to Art 4
RELB104The Ministry of Jesus 4
RELB105The Sermon on the Mount 2
RELB106The Parables of Jesus 2
PSYC130General Psychology 4

 
ESL Content Classes
ESL Content classes are not ESL English classes, but rather content sheltered classes designed especially for ESL students. Their goal is to present concepts of a collegiate course in a vocabulary that is appropriate for an ESL student.
 
Lab Work
All ESL students will have 3-5 hours of required lab assignments each week. Some of these may be of a general nature (i.e. talking to a native speaker, attending an English meeting, viewing videos, etc.) Other assignments may be very specific in nature (i.e. listening to a specific tape or watching a video that accompanies a textbook, etc.) These assignments will be assigned by the individual instructors and the students will be expected to arrange for the time to do them on their own
 

 
Beginning Level5 hours/week
Intermediate Level:4 hours/week
Advanced Level:3 hours/week
 
P.E. Activity and Music Performance Classes
Intermediate students may make a special request to take a Physical Education activity or Music Performance class. Each case will be decided on an individual basis, to be determined by the student's ability and his or her class load.
 
Special Needs
Students needing to take the following classes may make a special request to register for them. Permission will be based on TOEFL scores, previous academic record, placement test scores, and English language ability.
 
ENGR121Introduction to Engineering 
ENGR221Engineering Mechanics 
ENGR222Engineering Mechanics 
ENGR223Engineering Mechanics 
GBUS105Keyboarding (1-2) 
INFO105Personal Computing 
MATH121, 122Fundamentals of Mathematics I, II 
MATH181Analytical Geometry and Calculus I 

 



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Maintained by C. Michael Bell, Last modified June 10, 1997
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