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WWC Graduate Bulletin
Disclaimer

EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY

Steve Pawluk, Dean; Austin Archer, Rudi Bailey, Cleona Bazzy, Mark Haynal, Hollis James, Gail Rittenbach, Lee Stough, Verlie Ward. Certification Officer: Molly Hanson

The School of Education and Psychology offers four master's degree programs -- the Master of Arts (M.A.) in Counseling Psychology, the Master of Arts (M.A.) in Education, the Master of Education (M.Ed.), and the Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.).

The Master of Arts degree is a program which provides a significant opportunity to develop research and reporting skills. This option is especially suited for those wishing to contribute to knowledge through in-depth research and/or those aspiring to a doctoral degree. The Master of Education degree, is designed for educators whose goal is to provide leadership in teaching or administrative roles at the K-12 level. Master of Education students will be required to complete a professional project. The Master of Arts in Teaching is intended for practicing teachers who wish to improve or expand the area of their professional performance.

Graduate Degrees

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Counseling Psychology (Non-Thesis and Thesis Options)
Master of Arts (M.A.) in Education and Master of Education (M.Ed.) in the following areas of specialization:

  Curriculum and Instruction  School Counseling
  Educational Leadership Special Education
  Literacy Instruction Students-at-Risk

Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.) in the following areas of specialization:

  Educational Leadership Professional Practice
  Literacy Instruction Special Education

Most specialization options sufficiently meet individual needs. However, an applicant wishing to pursue a specialization in an area other than those listed above may submit an individualized program proposal to the School of Education and Psychology and to the Graduate Council. The proposed program should consist of 45 credits or more, depending on the focus of study and the adviser's recommendation. At least 24 quarter hours (20 hours in M.A. programs) must be core courses that support the area of specialization. These core courses must be selected in consultation with the student's graduate adviser. It is recommended that the program include no more than 3 courses below the 500 level. However, exceptions may be made for unusual program needs. Additional credits needed for completion of the degree shall be selected in harmony with the degree requirements specified in this bulletin. An individualized program must be approved by vote of the School of Education and Psychology and Graduate Council before it is implemented. Individualized specialization programs may not be used to earn an MAT. To avoid confusion with existing degree programs, the graduate student and his or her adviser must devise a unique name for the individualized degree specialization.

Admission to Graduate Programs in Education and Psychology
In addition to the general admission requirements listed earlier in this bulletin, the School of Education and Psychology requires a satisfactory GRE score on the general exam, three professional references, and a personally prepared statement of philosophy and purpose.

A satisfactory score on the GRE subject exam in psychology is also required for acceptance to the Counseling Psychology program. Applicants who already hold a graduate degree from a regionally accredited institution are not required to take the GRE general exam. An interview with one or more of the School of Education and Psychology faculty members may also be required. The quality of the statement of philosophy and the three professional references are significant factors in the decision process.

Prerequisites Applicable to All Programs
In addition to general admission requirements described elsewhere in this bulletin, candidates for degrees in the School of Education and Psychology must meet all prerequisites listed under their chosen areas of specialization.

Deficiencies may be removed after admission to graduate study, but any credit earned thereby will not apply to minimum degree requirements. A plan for the removal of all deficiencies, including professional experience and/or certification requirements, must be approved by the School of Education and Psychology faculty. All deficiencies and program requirements must be satisfied before the degree is granted.

Requirements
A Program of Study prepared on an official form must be approved by the program director and submitted to Graduate Council by January 15 of the final year of graduate studies (or two quarters prior to completion of the program). Official approval of this program will be acknowledged by a letter from the Dean of Graduate Studies. Forms for this purpose are available in the School of Education and Psychology office. All courses included in the degree program must be approved by an adviser assigned by the School of Education and Psychology. Any changes in the study program must be documented on a Program Change Form and require the signatures of the adviser, program director and the Dean of Graduate Studies. Unless specifically approved by Graduate Council, courses numbered below 350 will not apply for graduate credit. For the MA and M.Ed degrees a written comprehensive exam must be passed prior to defense of a thesis or project. Students in Counseling Psychology must also pass an oral examination. For the MA and M.Ed degrees the thesis or project must be successfully completed and defended, and all necessary forms must be signed, at least two weeks prior to commencement.

Second Master's Degree
If degree requirements overlap with work already taken, a student seeking a second master's degree may petition Graduate Council for some reduction in the total number of required credits. A second degree must contain a minimum of 30 quarter hours, and include a thesis or professional project originated and completed within this School of Education and Psychology.

Teacher Certification
Walla Walla College is a state and denominationally approved teacher education institution; and, as such, is authorized to recommend students for initial certification in the State of Washington and in the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The School of Education and Psychology can also assist students who seek to renew their certificate or wish to apply in another state or province.

Since certification requirements are subject to frequent change, students seeking to qualify for either residency or continuing/professional certification should consult with their advisers, the Certification Officer, or the Dean of the School of Education and Psychology early in their programs. Information on teacher certification requirements, including appropriate check sheets and other aids, is available from the Certification Officer.

COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY (M.A. non-thesis option)

This option is designed for individuals who seek the skills to practice counseling in a private or agency setting. The program provides strong preparation for the National Counseling Examination (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE), state certification as a mental health counselor and certification as a National Certified Counselor (NCC).

Specialization Prerequisites: A minor in psychology or an equivalent 28 quarter hours, including course work in human development, MATH 206, PSYC 430 and PSYC 464 (or equivalents).

Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Courses and Project 14
PSYC 501 Statistics in Research 3
PSYC 502 Statistics Lab 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning
PSYC 561 Methods of Research
PSYC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
PSYC 581 Professional Project
PSYC 598 Graduate Seminar
Counseling Psychology Core 56
PSYC 489 Career and Lifestyle Development 3
PSYC 506 Advanced Human Development
PSYC 515 Advanced Counseling Theories 3
PSYC 518 Group Counseling 3
PSYC 520 Child and Family Counseling 3
PSYC 530 Marriage Counseling 3
PSYC 532 Psychological Assessment I 4
PSYC 534  Psychological Assessment II  4
PSYC 565 Counseling Techniques 3
PSYC 566 Practicum in Counseling 3
PSYC 567  Internship in Counseling Psychology  12 
PSYC 572 Psychopathology 3
PSYC 589 Legal and Ethical Issues in Counseling and Psychology 3
SOWK 510 Cultural and Ethnic Perspectives 3
SOWK 558 Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy 3
Approved Electives    3
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser. ___ 
Total 73

COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY (M.A. thesis option)

For individuals who want to practice counseling in a private or agency setting, this option provides strong preparation for the National Counseling Examination (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE), state certification as a mental health counselor and certification as a National Certified Counselor (NCC). In addition, this option serves as a stepping-stone to doctoral study in counseling psychology.

Specialization Prerequisites: A minor in psychology or an equivalent 28 quarter hours, including course work in human development, MATH 206, PSYC 430 and PSYC 464 (or equivalents).

Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Courses and Thesis 21
PSYC 501 Statistics in Research 3
PSYC 502 Statistics Lab 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning
PSYC 561 Methods of Research
PSYC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
PSYC 590 Thesis
PSYC 598 Graduate Seminar
Counseling Psychology Core 49
PSYC 489 Career and Lifestyle Development 3
PSYC 506 Advanced Human Development
PSYC 515 Advanced Counseling Theories 3
PSYC 518 Group Counseling 3
PSYC 520 Child and Family Counseling 3
PSYC 530 Marriage Counseling 3
PSYC 532 Psychological Assessment I 4
PSYC 534  Psychological Assessment II  4
PSYC 565 Counseling Techniques 3
PSYC 566 Practicum in Counseling 3
PSYC 567  Internship in Counseling Psychology 
PSYC 572 Psychopathology 3
PSYC 589 Legal and Ethical Issues in Counseling and Psychology 3
SOWK 510 Cultural and Ethnic Perspectives 3
Approved Electives    3
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser. ___ 
Total 73

EDUCATION (M.A. or M.Ed.) OPTIONS 

CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION 

This option is targeted at professional educators who seek to enhance their competence in curriculum design and implementation, both on a classroom and/or systemic level. The requirements are sufficiently flexible to permit elementary teachers and teachers with subject-area concentrations (e.g., mathematics, science, history, English), or enable those with supervisory interests, to improve their skills in curriculum development and instruction.

Specialization Prerequisites: Teacher certification and a minimum of 18 months of verified full-time experience in education prior to awarding of degree.

Specialization Requirements:  credits
  Basic Courses and Professional Project or Thesis 20-24
    EDUC 501 Statistics in Research 3  
    EDUC 502 Statistics Lab 1  
    EDUC 522 Philosophy and Education  
    EDUC 561 Methods of Research  
    EDUC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2  
    EDUC 581 Professional Project 4  
      or     
    EDUC 590 Thesis 8  
    EDUC 598 Graduate Seminar 1  
    PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3  
  Curriculum and Instruction Core   13
    EDAD 539 Supervision of Instruction, K-12 4  
    EDAD 547 Quality Schools 3  
    EDUC 506 Perspectives on School and Community 3  
    EDUC 556 Curriculum Planning 3  
  Approved Electives   11-15
    Professional Education Electives 15   
    Courses from any department will satisfy the intent of the term "professional education" if the emphasis is on instructional-learning principles, pupil characteristics, teaching methodology, curriculum materials or the roles of various school personnel.    
           
    Academic Content Electives   0-9
    Academic content courses are found in departments other than Education and Psychology and must be in approved subjects clearly related to the teaching areas chosen by the student. Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser.    
          ___
      Total 48
         
 

EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP 

This program of study prepares candidates to serve effectively as school principals. Courses are selected to provide the graduate student with a useful blend of educational theory, administrative principles, and practical skills. Satisfactory completion of this program will enable the graduate to obtain Washington state certification as a principal. The program requires a one-year half-time internship with a state certified principal. It is important to consult with a program advisor prior to beginning the program.

Specialization Prerequisites: Teacher certification and a minimum of 27 months of verified full-time experience in education prior to awarding of degree.

Specialization Requirements:  credits
Basic Courses and Professional Project or Thesis  20-24
EDUC 501 Statistics in Research 3
EDUC 502 Statistics Lab 1
EDUC 522  Philosophy and Education 3
EDUC 561 Methods of Research 3
EDUC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
EDUC 581 Professional Project 4
or 
EDUC 590 Thesis 8
EDUC 598 Graduate Seminar 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
Educational Leadership Core 36
EDAD 525 Human Relations in Education 3
EDAD 526 School Finance 3
EDAD 527  School Facilities and Services 3
EDAD 539 Supervision of Instruction, K-12
EDAD 545  Principalship, K-12 4
EDAD 550 School Law 4
EDAD 565 Practicum in Administration 4,4,4
EDUC 556 Curriculum Planning 3
Approved Electives 0-4
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser. 
___
Total  60

 

LITERACY INSTRUCTION

This option is designed to meet the requirements for Washington State and denominational endorsements as a reading specialist.

Specialization Prerequisites: Teacher certification, a minimum of 18 months of verified satisfactory full-time experience in education prior to awarding of degree, and a current course in reading methods (taken within the past six years).

Specialization Requirements:  credits
Basic Courses and Professional Project or Thesis 20-24
EDUC 501 Statistics in Research 3
EDUC 502  Statistics Lab 1
EDUC 522 Philosophy and Education 3
EDUC 561 Methods of Research 3
EDUC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
EDUC 581  Professional Project 4
or
EDUC 590 Thesis 8
EDUC 598 Graduate Seminar 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
Literacy Instruction Core 18
EDUC 475  Teaching Reading Skills in the Content Area 3
EDUC 535 Reading Diagnosis and Remediation 3
EDUC 546 Reading and Writing Assessment 3
ENGL 374 Literature for Children
or 3
ENGL 375 Literature for Young Adults
ENGL 389 Writing Theory 3
PSYC 525 Psychology of Reading 3
Approved Electives 3-7
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser.
___
Total  45
 

SCHOOL COUNSELING 

This option prepares candidates to function as counselors in school settings. Satisfactory completions of the program will enable the graduate to obtain Washington state certification as a school counselor. It is important to consult with a program advisor prior to beginning the program. 

Specialization Prerequisites: Introductory courses in psychology, including general psychology, child and adolescent development, educational psychology, and statistics. It is recommended that applicants hold a teaching certificate and have some experience in teaching.

Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Courses and Professional Project or Thesis: 20-24
EDUC 522 Philosophy and Education 3
PSYC 501 Statistics in Research 3
PSYC 502 Statistics Lab 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
PSYC 561 Methods of Research 3
PSYC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
PSYC 581 Professional Project 4
or 
PSYC 590 Thesis 8
PSYC 598 Graduate Seminar 1
School Counseling Core 49 
PSYC 430 Psychological Testing  3
PSYC 464 Counseling Theories and their Families  3
PSYC 489 Career and Lifestyle Development 3
PSYC 506 Advanced Human Development 3
PSYC 515 Advanced Counseling Theories of Counseling 3
PSYC 518 Group Counseling 3
PSYC 520 Child and Family Counseling 3
PSYC 538 Consultation and Collaboration in Schools 2
PSYC 555 Issues in School Counseling 3
PSYC 565 Counseling Techniques 3
PSYC 566  Practicum in Counseling 3
PSYC 568 Internship in School Counseling 8
PSYC 589 Legal and Ethical Issues in Counseling and Psychology 3
SOWK 510 Cultural and Ethnic Perspectives 3
SPED 541 Counseling Exceptional Individuals and their Families 3
Approved Electives 0 or 4
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser. 
___
Total 73

 

SPECIAL EDUCATION 

This option is designed for practicing educators who wish to enrich their competency and provide leadership in the field of special education. 

Specialization Prerequisites: Teacher certification, endorsement in Special Education, and a minimum of 18 months of verified satisfactory full-time experience in education prior to awarding of degree.

22
Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Courses and Professional Project or Thesis  20-24
EDUC 501 Statistics in Research 3
EDUC 502 Statistics Lab 1
EDUC 522 Philosophy and Education 3
EDUC 598 Graduate Seminar 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
SPED 561 Methods of Research 3
SPED 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
SPED 581 Professional Project
or
SPED 590  Thesis 8
Special Education Core 22
SPED 531 Psychology of Reading 3
SPED 527 Theories of Intelligence 4
SPED 539 Supervision of Instruction 4
SPED 547  Internship in Special Education 4
SPED 555 Administration of Special Education 4
SPED 596 Seminar: (Topic) 3
Approved Electives 6 or 10
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser.
___
Total 52

 

STUDENTS-AT-RISK

This option focuses on "students-at-risk" from a broad, multi-disciplinary perspective. It provides the teacher with recognition and coping skills designed to enhance instructional success with "at-risk" children and youth.

Specialization Prerequisites: Teacher certification and a minimum of 18 months of verified satisfactory full-time experience in education prior to awarding of degree.

Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Courses and Professional Project or Thesis 20-24
EDUC 501 Statistics in Research 3
EDUC 502 Statistics Lab 1
EDUC 522 Philosophy and Education 3
EDUC 561 Methods of Research 3
EDUC 562 Methods of Qualitative Research 2
EDUC 581 Professional Project 4
or
EDUC 590 Thesis 8
EDUC 598 Graduate Seminar 1
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
Students-at-Risk Core 24-25
CORR 387 Juvenile Delinquency 3
EDAD 550 School Law  4
or
SPED 530 Legal and Professional Issues in Special Education  3
EDUC 492 Education of the Gifted 3
PSYC 492 Abnormal Psychology 3
PSYC 538 Consultation and Collaboration in Schools 2
SOWK 464 Children at Risk 3
SPED 535 Reading Diagnosis and Remediation 3
SPED 536 Teaching Students with Mild Disabilities  4
Approved Electives 0-5
Electives must be chosen in consultation with the student's adviser.
___
Total 49

 

MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING, Educational Leadership (M.A.T.)

This program of study prepares candidates to serve effectively as school principals. It is designed for the practitioner who does not plan to pursue a doctorate. Courses are selected to provide the graduate student with a useful blend of educational theory, administrative principles, and practical skills. Satisfactory completion of this program will enable the graduate to obtain Washington State certification as a principal. The program requires a one-year half-time internship with a state certified principal. It is important to consult with a program advisor prior to beginning the program.

Specialization Prerequisites: Washington State Teacher certification and a minimum of 540 days (3 school years) of verified satisfactory full-time teaching experience prior to awarding of degree. No more than 60 days of substitute teaching may apply.

Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Core 12
EDUC 551 Action Research 3
SPEC 550 Understanding Research 3
EDUC 522 Philosophy of Education 3
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
Educational Leadership Core 36
EDAD 525 Human Relations in Education 3
EDAD 526 School Finance 3
EDAD 527 School Facilities and Services 3
EDAD 539 Supervision of Instruction, K-12 4
EDAD 545 Principalship, K-12 4
EDAD 550 School Law 4
EDAD 565 Practicum in Administration 4,4,4
EDAD 556 Curriculum Planning 3
___
Total 48

 

MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING, Literacy Instruction (M.A.T.)

This option is designed to meet the requirements for Washington State and denominational endorsements as a reading specialist.

Specialization Prerequisites: State teacher certification and a minimum of 18 months of verified satisfactory full-time teaching experience in education, and a current course in reading methods (taken within the past six years).

Specialization Requirements: credits
Basic Core 13
EDUC 551 Action Research 3
EDUC 571 Action Research Lab 4
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning 3
SPED 550 Understanding Research 3
Literacy Instruction Core 29
EDUC 475 Teaching Reading Skills in the Content Area 3
EDUC 520 Teaching Beginning Literacy 3
EDUC 533 Literature-Based Reading Instruction 3
EDUC 535 Reading Diganosis and Remediation 3
EDUC 537 Thematic Approaches to the Teaching of Reading 3
EDUC 542 Issues and Trends in Literacy 3
EDUC 546 Reading and Writing Assessment 2
ENGL 374 Literature for Children
OR 3
ENGL 375 Literature for Young Adults
ENGL 529 Writing Woirkshop: From Theory to Practice
OR
ENGL 539 Writing Workshop: Integrating Reading, Literacy and Writing K-12 3
OR
ENGL 549 Writing Workshop: Thinking and Writing with Computers
PSYC 531 Psychology of Reading 3
Electives 3
___
Total 45

 

MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING, Professional Practice (M.A.T.) 

This course of study is intended for practicing teachers who are working toward Professional Certification in the state of Washington.* It is primarily a field-based course of study, focusing on the blending of theory and practice in the student's classroom and school setting.

A minimum of 45 quarter credits is required. Eighteen of the 45 quarter credits must be from classroom-based courses. These shall include the Basic Core courses identified below. Twenty one of the 45 quarter credits must result from field-based study (EDFB course work).

A maximum of 12 quarter credits may be transferred in from another institution or brought into the program from non-matriculated study at WWC. A minimum of 12 of the 18 credits comprising the Basic Core and Elective courses will be taken at Walla Walla College. Requests for transfer of credits will be evaluated by the School of Education and Psychology.

The degree program will be designed on an individual basis with reference to: 

a. The standards and criteria for Professional Certification.
b. The professional and educational needs of the candidate.
c. An emphasis on field-based study.

Specialization Prerequisites: Initial or Residency Certification for the state of Washington; a minimum of one full school year of verified, successful, full-time teaching experience; positive recommendations from the administrator of the school in which the teaching experience took place; development of an Individualized Professional Growth Plan leading to Professional Teacher Certification.

 

Specialization Requirements:
Basic Core 9 credits
PSYC 521 Psychology of Learning, 3 credits
EDUC 551 Action Research, 3 credits
EDUC 506 Perspectives on School and Community, 3 credits
Electives - 9 credits 11 credits
EDUC, PSYC, or subject area courses related to areas of the candidate's certification.
Research Strand 4 credits
EDUC 581 Professional Project, 4 credits
or
EDUC 571 Action Research Lab, 4 credits
Field-based Study 21 credits
EDFB 520 Effective Teaching: (Student supplies specific course name) 1-3; 21
EDFB 530 Professional Development: (Student supplies specific course name) 1-3; 21
EDFB 540 Leadership: (Student supplies specific course name) 1-3; 21

* Washington Administrative Code (WAC 180-78A-505 to 540) may be accessed via the Internet at: http://slc.leg.wa.gov. 

 

MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING, SPECIAL EDUCATION (M.A.T) 

This option is designed to meet the requirements for Washington State and denominational endorsements in Special Education. 

Specialization Prerequisites: Teacher certification, SPED 210 (Foundations of Special Education) or equivalent.

Special Education Core 
SPED 415 Teaching the Preschool Exceptional Child 3
SPED 492 Education of the Gifted 3
SPED 510 Adaptive Technology in Special Education 3
SPED 530 Legal and Professional Issues in Special Education 3
SPED 524 Adapted Physical Education and Recreation 3
SPED 533 Assessment of Exceptional Individuals 4
SPED 535 Reading Diagnosis and Remediation 3
SPED 536 Teaching Students with Mild Disabilities 4
SPED 537 Teaching Students with Severe Disabilities 4
SPED 538 Consultation and Collaboration in Schools 2
SPED 540 Functional Assessment 4
SPED 541 Counseling Exceptional Individuals and Their Families 3
SPED 550 Understanding Research 3
SPED 551 Action Research 3
SPED 573 Management of Exceptional Individuals 4
SPED 580 Practicum in Special Education 3
____
52